Filter By:

  • Show More Brands

  • Show Fewer Brands
  • Show More Sizes
  • Show Fewer Sizes
  • Show More Model Years
  • Show Fewer Model Years

Bikes

All-City Space Horse Frameset
$650.00
Even if you own a different bike for everything, it's still necessary to have one that can do it all. That bike is the Space Horse. It's become a cult favorite because of its classic styling and ability to handle just about any task or terrain. All-City's Space Horse Disc frameset allows you to build your perfect bike with the addition of all-weather control disc brakes. The geometry is a mix of traditional road and randonneur, with a relatively short rear end and a bottom bracket that’s slightly lower than a standard road bike. This gives it both agile handling for riding unbridled and increased stability when loaded. This blend of geometry and 612 Select tubing create a bike that is capable of quick road centuries, gravel racing, commuting, and of course loaded touring. The frame accommodates front and rear racks, fenders, and tires up to 42c in size for the 700c bikes and 45c for the 650B version. It also utilizes a dropout with a replaceable derailleur hanger. All of the classic All-City touches are present: signature brazed-on seat collar, pantographed bottom bracket shell, pump peg, reinforcements on the bottle bosses, and a beautiful lugged crown fork. The fork sports both a double eyelet on the dropout and mid-blade mounts to allow you to use pretty much whatever front rack you wish.
Salsa Marrakesh Drop Bar Frameset
$650.00
Marrakesh is Salsa's world-touring bike, designed for fully loaded, rugged exploration. Marrakesh is stable and predictable when heavily loaded, and durable enough to be strapped down to the roof of a bus jostling over a remote pass. Turkish dust around the bottom bracket and mud from Thailand’s monsoon season make just as much sense on this bike as all the stickers from the other countries you’ve visited do. When you’ve decided to stop dreaming and actually make that year abroad a reality, Marrakesh is ready to pile on the miles. - Chromoly steel Cobra Kai tubing frame w/ Alternator dropouts - Salsa Marrakesh fork - Full rack, fender, low rider rack provisions
Surly Midnight Special Frameset
$650.00
Midnight Special is a road plus bike designed to provide comfort and speed on those all-day rides that extend well beyond fresh pavement. Midnight Special shines on pot-holed, deteriorating pavement and the occasional long stretch of gravel. Its 650B road plus tires eat up road chatter and absorb all the bumps in the road like the champion it was designed to be. When it comes to road bikes, we just want to toss a few bananas into our pockets and see where the road takes us. We seek out varied surfaces on our rides and frequently go from pavement to gravel to worse pavement. Midnight Special allows us to accomplish all of that quite comfortably. - Higher volume tires allow better fine tuning of tire pressure on varying surfaces and create a wider contact patch for increased traction - Modern road standards like flat-mount disc brakes, 12mm front and rear thru-axles, and a 44mm head tube - Clearance for 650B x 60mm or 700c x 42mm tires without fenders (650B x 50mm or 700c x 38mm with fenders)
Surly Troll Frameset
$650.00 - $675.00
Off-road touring can be a zesty enterprise, but it’s not without its perils. Bicycles are simple machines that are extremely efficient, but all simple machines carry along with them the chance of breaking down. This efficiency can get you in trouble if your bike decides to break down far away from the comforts of your parent’s basement. If you’re going to ride your bicycles where no one can see, you better take gear that’s up to the task. Troll is up to the task. Surly's Troll was once a simple mountain bike frame with a few extras that made it nice for touring. The Troll has evolved into a frame that has been pushed deeper into the category of off-road touring. Its geometry is no longer suspension corrected, which gives it more room for a larger frame bag. The chainstay yoke has been redesigned to be fully compatible with 26+ tires and comes with the always-comfy Jones Loop bar. The dropouts still allow you to run disc brakes, fenders, a Rohloff hub, and racks simultaneously. It also comes with more braze-ons than you thought possible – there are four triple bottle mounts on the fork alone (don’t get excited, you can only run one Anything Cage per fork leg), as well as two more triple bottle mounts on the down tube. Troll is a bike that has one purpose – and that purpose is to carry you as far away from society as possible.
Giant ExpressWay 1
$660.00
Who says your daily commute must be mundane? Turn everyday trips into adventures with this smart fold-up bike. Whether you’re carrying it on the train or pedaling through city streets, Expressway has everything you need to make your commute faster and more fun. The lightweight, durable aluminum frame is outfitted with quality brakes and easy-to-use gear shifters. Its slick, folding design lets you pack it up easily for storage or transport. And, the 20-inch wheels are small enough to stay out of the way but large enough to roll smoothly, even through rough city streets.
Surly Ogre Disc Only Frameset
$675.00
If you’re like us, your bike needs will likely change by the day, week, month or year. Ogre will get you to your job during the week, then way out of town on the weekend. It even has the chops to handle a cross-country trek or nine. It’s not sluggish on pavement or gravel and can also hold its own on singletrack. Ogre is designed to be the ultimate steel utility vehicle. It relishes in those “take-the-long-way-home-and-find-some-beverages-along-the-way” sort of commutes. You can also haul enough crap on it that you don’t even have to go home if you don’t want to. For this year, we simplified Ogre a bit. We removed the canti studs, so it is now a disc brake-only beast. Now, before you start yelling at us about how the canti studs were the only reason you were even considering buying an Ogre and now we’ve left you contemplating your very existence in this ultimately-doomed universe, hear us out. Rim brake 29er rims — like the ones that you would need to have to make use of those canti studs in the first place — are becoming increasingly harder to find. We could have given you a feature that you’d end up not really being able to use in the future but what kind of monsters do you think we are? To quench your unquenchable thirst for rim brakes, check out the Troll. As far as other updates to the frame go, that about sums it up. Ogre still has everything else you’ve come to know and love: two water bottle mounts, four sets of three-pack bosses, mid- and low-blade fork eyelets, threaded holes for racks, fenders, and trailer mounting nuts, and a Rohloff OEM2 axle plate slot. It still features horizontal-slotted dropouts with Gnot-Boost spacing, a tweaked non-suspension corrected geometry, and a beefy tire clearance. It’s still fully compatible with both 29 x 2.5” and 27.5+ tires. In the complete bike version, we’ve opted to go with a 1x drivetrain and a flat handlebar. We typically try to avoid BS cliché terms like “Do-It-All” or “Swiss Army Knife of Bikes”, so we’ll just say that Ogre can probably handle most of the ideas that are bouncing around in your head.
Surly Pugsley Frameset
$675.00
The Surly Pugsley may be the original fat bike, but this one is far from the original. Previously a great all-around fat bike, the Pugsley has been redesigned to be an ideal off-road touring and exploration rig. Surly lengthened the chainstays 12mm for stability when loaded and so your heels float effortlessly past panniers. The tweaked rear rack mounts on the dropouts let you center your rack over the wheel, despite the offset rear triangle. Those dropouts will take a 142 x 12mm thru axle if that's your schtick, but can also be used with 135 x 10mmm QR hubs with Surly's Adapter Washers. Pugsley brings back the 135mm-spaced offset fork, so you can run a front wheel with a spare cog or freewheel as a bail-out option to swap with the rear if your internally-geared hub freezes up in neutral or you smash your derailleur having too much fun. A plethora of three-pack mounts give you gear-hauling options aplenty, so go wild with your build. - 100% Surly 4130 chromoly frame, main triangle is double-butted; 1-1/8" threadless brazed chromoly fork - Four sets of Three-Pack Mounts (two on the fork, two on the downtube), a water bottle mount on the seat tube, and front and rear rack mounts - 142 x 12mm rear dropout (or 135 x 10mm QR with Surly 10/12 Adapter Washers) with Rohloff torque arm slot - 135mm-spaced fork with 17.5mm offset for wheel swappability - 26 x 4.8" tire clearance in frame (with drivetrain restrictions), 26 x 4.3" tire clearance in fork
Surly Troll Frameset
$675.00
Off-road touring can be a zesty enterprise, but it’s not without its perils. Bicycles are simple machines that are extremely efficient, but all simple machines carry along with them the chance of breaking down. This efficiency can get you in trouble if your bike decides to break down far away from the comforts of your parent’s basement. If you’re going to ride your bicycles where no one can see, you better take gear that’s up to the task. Troll is up to the task. Our Troll was once a simple mountain bike frame with a few extras that made it nice for touring. The Troll has evolved into a frame that has been pushed deeper into the category of off-road touring. Its geometry is no longer suspension corrected, which gives it more room for a larger frame bag. We’ve also adorned this frame with our Gnot-Boost spacing, allowing you to use any mountain bike hub whether it be 135mm QR, 12 x 142mm thru-axle, or 12 x 148mm Boost hub. The chainstay yoke has been redesigned to be fully compatible with 26+ tires and the dropouts still allow you to run disc brakes, fenders, a Rohloff hub, and racks simultaneously. It also comes with more braze-ons than you thought possible – there are four triple bottle mounts on the fork alone (don’t get excited, you can only run one Anything Cage per fork leg), as well as two more triple bottle mounts on the down tube. Troll is a bike that has one purpose – and that purpose is to carry you as far away from society as possible. Man has known for eons the call of the indifferent forest. The inexorable march of time, and dumb crap like cell phones, have dulled our senses and made us afraid. Reclaim your animalistic tendencies atop Man’s greatest invention.
Surly Troll Frameset
$675.00
Off-road touring can be a zesty enterprise, but it's not without its perils. Bicycles are simple machines that are extremely efficient, but all simple machines carry along with them the chance of breaking down. This efficiency can get you in trouble if your bike decides to break down far away from the comforts of your parent's basement. If you’re going to ride your bicycles where no one can see, you better take gear that's up to the task. Troll is up to the task. Surly's Troll was once a simple mountain bike frame with a few extras that made it nice for touring. The Troll has evolved into a frame that has been pushed deeper into the category of off-road touring. Its geometry is no longer suspension corrected, which gives it more room for a larger frame bag. Surly also adorned this frame with their Gnot-Boost spacing, allowing you to use any mountain bike hub whether it be 135mm QR, 12 x 142mm thru-axle, or 12 x 148mm Boost hub. The chainstay yoke has been redesigned to be fully compatible with 26+ tires and the complete bike comes with the always-comfy Surly Moloko Bar. The dropouts still allow you to run disc brakes, fenders, a Rohloff hub, and racks simultaneously. It also comes with more braze-ons than you thought possible – there are four triple bottle mounts on the fork alone (don't get excited, you can only run one Anything Cage per fork leg), as well as two more triple bottle mounts on the downtube. Troll is a bike that has one purpose – and that purpose is to carry you as far away from society as possible. Man has known for eons the call of the indifferent forest. The inexorable march of time, and dumb things like cell phones, have dulled our senses and made us afraid. Reclaim your animalistic tendencies atop Man's greatest invention.
Surly Wednesday Frameset
$675.00
The Wednesday is Surly's all-terrain fat bike frame. The frame features trail-ready geometry, 4.6-inches of tire clearance, provides lots of cargo carrying capabilities and is suspension corrected for use with a 100mm suspension fork (sold separately). - 100% Surly 4130 CroMoly steel with 44mm headtube and internal dropper post cable routing - Frame is ED Coated for increased life expectancy - 1-1/8" straight steerer fork, 4130 CroMoly - 100mm threaded bottom bracket shell - Universal cast dropouts accommodate thru-axle or quick-release standards
Surly Wednesday Frameset
$675.00
Wednesday is a great all-around fat bike that has the soul of a trail bike and mind of a touring bike Wednesday sits in the middle of our Trail category, but don’t let that fool you into thinking that’s its only use. With Wednesday, we borrowed elements from some of our Trail and Touring models to create a versatile fat bike that can truly handle anything you want to attempt. If you do an equal amount of off-road touring as you do hitting trails, Wednesday’s ability to play both parts equally will suit you well. Or, if you’re looking for a fat bike and don’t need the fattest tires on the market, Wednesday’s 26 x 4.6" tire clearance is just the ticket. Any day of the week’s a great day to ride a Wednesday. - Modern mountain standards: stealth dropper post routing, 44mm headtube, suspension correction, front and rear thru-axles - Full suite of useful braze-ons: front and rear racks, multiple sets of three-pack mounts, fenders - Full-forward, short chainstay position: 26 x 3.8 tires on 80mm rims; full-rearward, longer chainstay position: 26 x 4.6 tires on an 80mm rim
Cannondale Althea 3
$700.00
A fitness bike that's equally perfect for city cruising or getting a workout. Plus it’s easy on the eyes. - SmartForm aluminum frame - SR Suntour suspension fork - Cannondale Disc wheelset - 8-speed Shimano Tourney components - Shimano hydraulic disc brakes
Liv Avail 3
$700.00
FROM EPIC SOLO ADVENTURES TO GROUP ROAD RIDES, AVAIL IS LIGHT, COMFORTABLE AND ENGINEERED FOR FEMALE RIDERS. Comfortable for the long haul, lively on the climbs, and confident on the descents, this versatile endurance road bike will help you cover miles with bliss and ease. Avail features the latest endurance frame geometry and an Advanced-grade composite fork with the OverDrive steerer, for precision steering and to keep you fresh for more miles. The PowerCore bottom bracket transfers power directly from each pedal stroke into the road for superb pedaling efficiency. KEY PERFORMANCE FACTORS Built for Endurance - Lightweight and balanced, the modern endurance geometry is designed for the female form, and delivers a smooth all-day ride experience. Power transfer - Sporting OverDrive and PowerCore technologies, this efficient frameset offers superior stiffness without compromising compliance. Comfort - Liv’s 3F women’s-specific design, composite fork and ALUXX tubing are ideal for venturing further and riding longer.
Surly Karate Monkey Frameset
$700.00
Karate Monkey is a highly-versatile trail bike that plays the part of 29er and 27.5+ equally well. Multipurpose Hardtail Mountain Bike Karate Monkey delivers a resilient, lively ride on all sorts of gnarly terrain. Its frame is a highly-versatile canvas for whatever dirty masterpiece your brain cooks up. According to our computing machine (Thor) it can be set up in approximately 487 different configurations. Originally designed as a 29er (and the frame that helped spark the 29" wheel movement), the latest Karate Monkey is designed to perform just as admirably as a 27.5+ rig as well. This allows you to pick your poison — provided your poison is having a really great time while permanently donning a maniacal grin, of course. - Modern trail standards: dropper post compatibility, 44mm headtube, Gnot-Boost rear spacing, thru-axles, suspension-corrected fork - Compatibility with most mountain bike standards makes it the perfect parts bin bike (no rim brakes allowed, though) - Clearance for 29 x 2.5 or 27.5 x 3 tires
Surly Karate Monkey Frameset
$700.00
The Karate Monkey frame features updated, progressive trail geometry, a new tubeset, and Surly’s Gnot-Boost rear dropout system to support multiple drivetrain and wheel size configurations. - 100% Surly 4130 chromoly steel frame and fork; double-butted main triangle and 44mm headtube - Tubeset uses the same trumpet tubes found on Instigator 2.0 frame - Adjustable rear dropouts with 145mm Gnot-Boost spacing works with 142 x 12, 148 x 12mm, and 135mm w/ 10/12 washer - Internal dropper seatpost routing - 30.9mm seat tube ID - Clearance for 29 x 2.55 or 27.5 x 3 tires
Surly Krampus Frameset
$700.00
Krampus is a dedicated 29+ trail bike that can go over, off of, or through just about anything in its path. Breaking the Mold with a 29er Bike As the first "plus" bike to hit the market, Krampus changed the way many people approach trail riding. It’s shown people the light of how high-volume, large-diameter tires can vastly improve the ride experience. It’s also done a bang-up job dispelling the myth that big tires make you slow. Krampus is kind of like the opposite of a mullet: long in the front and short in the rear. With a long toptube and compact chainstays, it takes trail-shredding abilities to the next level. A mullet may be business in the front, party in the back but Krampus makes partying its business. "Lean back, hang on, and ride that wild horse." -Thor - Modern trail standards: dropper post compatibility, 44mm headtube, Gnot-Boost rear spacing, thru-axles, suspension corrected fork - Compatibility with most mountain bike standards makes it the perfect parts bin bike (no rim brakes allowed, though) - Clearance for 29 x 3" tires
All-City Thunderdome Frameset
$750.00
The All-City Thunderdome is back and quicker than ever. Crafted from 7000 Series aluminum and drilled for front and rear brakes, this lightweight and responsive UCI-certified racer has proven itself on the boards of velodromes across the globe. On the track or on the city streets, its one and only speed is fast. - UCI certified track bike - 7000 Series aluminum and classic round-profile tubing - Replaceable stainless steel axle pads - Tapered head tube and tapered axle-to-crown carbon fork - Signature Shot Collar seat post clamp - Tire clearance: 700 x 25c
Surly ECR 27.5+ Frameset
$750.00
The ECR is Surly's answer to those times when you just need to escape to the woods for a while to get away from the humdrum of life. Those familiar with this steel mule know it’s designed around plus tires, previously of the 29” variety. A fully loaded 29+ bike is an excellent way to explore and get away for a while… if you’re of a certain stature that is. For smaller riders, it poses several challenges though. And no one wants new problems when they’re in the woods trying to escape old ones. To solve this, Surly redesigned the smaller sizes of the ECR to work with 27.5+ while the larger sizes are still equipped with 29+. All you medium specimens out there get your pick of the litter as they're offering that size in both options. Other updates to the ECR include and are limited to: Gnot-Boost rear spacing and a killer new beige paint job. It retains the abundant accessory mounts that we all know and love like Surly Trip Guide for brakes and derailleurs, fender, rack, and Bill/Ted eyelets, and a Rohloff torque arm slot. The 27.5+ sizes also feature two sets of Three-Pack bosses. You’ve got lots of options to bring all your “necessities” with you and still have room for excess baggage if you’ve got it.
Cannondale Tango 3
$780.00
A mountain bike that generates a passion for the trail — from your first time out to your next big challenge. Light and lively, stiff and snappy. The Tango frames showcase our decades of expertise in aluminum craftsmanship. Dirt-Tailored Geometry brings both quickness and composure. Short chainstays for agility and traction, a slack head angle for unwavering stability, plus wide bars and a short stem for total control. Tango is sweetly priced, but make no mistake — wide range gearing, powerful disc brakes and durable wheels and tires contribute to big trail readiness. Naming this bike was a no-brainer. - SmartForm C2 aluminum frame - SR Suntour XCM-RL 100mm-travel suspension fork - WTB SX19/Shimano wheelset - 9-speed Shimano Altus components - Shimano hydraulic disc brakes
Cannondale Trail 5
$780.00
Cannondale's Trail lineup generates a passion for mountain biking—from your first time out to your next big challenge. Light and lively, stiff and snappy, the Trail frames showcase Cannondale's decades of expertise in aluminum craftsmanship. Their Dirt-Tailored geometry brings both quickness and composure, with short chainstays for agility and traction, a slack head angle for unwavering stability, plus wide bars and a short stem for total control. Each Trail model is sweetly priced, but make no mistake—wide range gearing, powerful disc brakes, and durable wheels and tires contribute to big trail readiness. A mountain bike designed to raise your game and ignite a passion for the trail, naming this bike was a no-brainer. - SR Suntour XCM-RL fork w/ remote lockout - Shimano Altus/Acera 2 x 9 drivetrain
All-City Nature Boy Disc Frameset
$782.00
The disc brake version of All-City's iconic Nature Boy singlespeed cross frameset. Like its cantilever brethren, the Nature Boy Disc carries all of the AC hallmarks that you've come to expect: beautiful lugged fork crown, custom dropouts, custom BB shell, signature head badge, and an E.D. coating for rust protection. It has proven race-inspired geometry in a durable 612 chromoly steel frame with chromoly tapered fork, and since you'll want to ride this cross bike every day, it's got plenty of room to fit large tires and even fenders. For racing, cruising trails, gravel, or daily commuting, disc brakes and a single-speed setup provide unmatched control and reliability.
Salsa Marrakesh Frameset
$799.00
Marrakesh is Salsa's world-touring bike, designed for fully loaded, rugged exploration. It’s stable and predictable when heavily loaded, and durable enough to take on everything from the Turkish dust to mud from Thailand’s monsoon season. Starting with a Marrakesh frameset and hand-selecting the components with the help of your friendly local bike shop is probably the best way for you to create a bike that's perfect for you. After all, when you're going to spend this many hours on a bike, you need it to be just right.
All-City Mr. Pink Frameset
$850.00
Tarmac or gravel, skinny tires or fat, fenders or not, stripped down and wicked fast or geared up for the long haul: Mr. Pink is your ticket to the party, no matter what road you take to get there. The Columbus Zona tubeset is light, zippy, and has the Mr. Pink riding like a high-quality steel bike should. The lugged chromoly fork looks classy, rides smoothly, and allows for the use of mid-reach brakes and 32c tires. The Mr. Pink sports all of the classic steel touches you've come to expect from All-City: a custom head badge, All-City signature dropouts, signature brazed-on seat collar, internal top tube cable routing for the rear brake, a pump peg and reinforcement stars on the bottle bosses. These are the signifiers of quality that inform, at a glance, that this is a high-end, hand-crafted machine.
All-City Super Professional Frameset
$850.00
All-City Super Professional Urban Cross Machine Built to continue the tradition of All-City’s esteemed Macho Man and Nature Boy 612 builds, the Super Professional features the Master Dropout, All-City’s first ever combination geared or single-speed sliding dropout system. Designed to be fast, responsive, agile, and capable on mixed terrain, the Super Professional can be converted from single-speed to geared and back again to crush all your daily deeds and commutes in the city. - 612 Select Tubing - Features All-City’s cleverly designed, beautifully crafted sliding dropout system - Signature fork crown with four-point rack mounts - Two bottle cage mounts, plus mounts in front and rear for racks and fenders - 12mm thru-axles, flat-mount brakes
Salsa Journeyman Flat Bar Sora 650
$899.00
Journeyman Flat Bar Sora 650 is Salsa's versatile all-road bike. Shimano Sora shifters and derailleurs are durable and feel great, and you’ll find ample gear range for carrying you and your cargo uphill. The flat handlebar allows for a comfortable and confident riding position and the 650b x 2.1” tires provide sure-footed traction when the going gets rough. - Journeyman Aluminum 650b Flat Bar frame - Shimano Sora/FSA 18-speed drivetrain - WTB ST i23 TCS rims - Teravail Sparwood 27.5 x 2.1" tires - Promax disc brakes
Salsa Journeyman Claris 700
$949.00
Journeyman Claris 700 offers all the essentials of a premium all-road bike. It starts with an aluminum frame, aerodynamic drop handlebars and Salsa's Fantail fork. It's finished with a Shimano Claris drivetrain and 700c x 38mm wheels and tires for a fast and efficient ride for every adventure. - Journeyman Aluminum 700c Drop Bar frame - Shimano Claris/FSA 16-speed drivetrain - WTB ST i19 TCS rims - Teravail Cannonball 700c x 38mm tires - Promax disc brakes
All-City Electric Queen Frameset
$999.00
The All-City Electric Queen was expressly made for maximum fun. Sitting squarely in the “trail” category it goes up almost as well as it comes back down. Short wheelbase, modern trail geometry, and plus size tire clearance makes this a non-stop dirt party no matter what terrain you’re tackling that day. Its whippy 612 chromoly frame with internal dropper post routing, boost spacing, and those short chainstays make berm-carving and wheelies second nature.
All-City Electric Queen Frameset
$999.00
The All-City Electric Queen was expressly made for maximum fun. Sitting squarely in the “trail” category it goes up almost as well as it comes back down. Short wheelbase, modern trail geometry, and plus size tire clearance makes this a non-stop dirt party no matter what terrain you’re tackling that day. Its whippy 612 chromoly frame with internal dropper post routing, boost spacing, and those short chainstays make berm-carving and wheelies second nature. Build your Queen with 27.5+ wheels and tires with your favorite fork, drivetrain, and brakes for a dreamy rig that rules with radical energy.
Salsa Fargo Frameset
$999.00
Fargo is Salsa's original drop bar mountain bike. A bit of a cult classic, it’s designed for mixed surface riders and bikepackers who want the versatility to take any route and the capability to carry everything needed when they’re out for days on end. The Fargo Steel's triple-butted Cobra Kai steel frame is as forgiving as it is reliable on weeks-long expeditions, while the carbon Firestarter fork pairs nicely with the frame and offers bosses and mount points for anything you’d want to attach to a bicycle fork. With an entire world of possible component setups, the Fargo Steel Frameset is a smooth-riding blank canvas you can build into the perfect tool for your two-wheeled needs.
Salsa Vaya Frameset
$999.00
Vaya is designed to handle any road surface, from pavement to gravel to dirt. Whether you’re on a fast tour or just taking your time, this all road adventure and light touring bike is a versatile machine that feels great lightly loaded or unloaded. Build this frameset into the Vaya that meets YOUR needs. The frameset is the perfect foundation for a highly capable all-road or light touring bike. Whether your focus is fast and playful for blazing around fire roads or robust and stable for off-pavement exploration, Vaya's game.